Readers ask: Why Is Sweet Clover Bad For Livestock Forage?

Can cattle graze sweet clover?

Grazing cattle on sweet clover, yellow clover, and white clover puts them at risk for sweet clover poisoning. Avoid feeding moldy sweet clover hay to cows within 2 weeks of calving to reduce the risk of abortion. Bloat is another concern with grazing legumes and clover.

Is sweet clover bad for cattle?

Yes, cows can eat clover but feed safe and mould-free clover. Cattle grazing on sweet clover, yellow clover, and white clover may develop metabolic disorders. Clover poisoning leads to bloat which may cause the death of an animal.

Is clover bad for horses and cattle?

Clover’s energy, protein and fiber content make it a good feed source for horses. Mold-infected clover can cause slobbers, liver damage and bleeding in horses. Red, white, alsike and sweet clovers commonly grow throughout the United States. Many horse owners use clover in pasture and hay mixes.

Is sweet clover poisonous?

Sweet clover poisoning is a problem of varying frequen- cy and intensity in livestock wherever sweet clover grows. The toxic compound produced in sweet clover prevents normal blood clotting resulting in hemorrhages and associated symptoms.

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What happens if you eat too much clover?

Feeding Spoiled Sweet Clover Risky Spoiled sweet clover produces a chemical called dicoumarin that interferes with metabolism and synthesis of vitamin K. Without vitamin K, blood will not clot properly after an injury and blood can even seep out of otherwise healthy blood vessels.

What eats sweet clover?

(Sweet Clovers) are eaten by upland gamebirds to a limited extent, while the green foliage is readily eaten by various mammalian herbivores, including rabbits (young plants), groundhogs, deer, and livestock. However, improperly cured forage from Sweet Clovers can be mildly toxic to livestock.

What clover is best for cattle?

What’s The Best Clover For Cattle Pastures? The best results come from vigorous strains of tetraploid ryegrass (Albion and Oro Verde).

How do you get rid of sweet clover?

Cultural Control If you are dealing with small amounts of Sweet Clover it can be controlled by hand removal in late fall after its first year of growth. Another time to hand pull these weeds is in its second year of life in May or June, before the plant has time to flower.

Why is alfalfa bad for cows?

However, the utilization of alfalfa by grazing beef cattle has been limited due to its propensity to cause pasture bloat. Ruminants are unique in their ability to readily digest the cell wall components of forages and it is this ability that gives them a competitive advantage over other meat producing animals.

Can a horse have too much clover?

The clover plants themselves are non-toxic and it is the fungus that contains the toxin slaframine that causes the undesirable symptoms in horses. Symptoms of liver failure due to alsike clover consumption include loss of appetite, weight loss, depression, jaundice, colic and death.

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Why is clover bad for cows?

Problem of hay with moldy sweet clover When dicoumarol is consumed by livestock it inhibits vitamin K production. Vitamin K is needed as part of the process for blood to clot. When vitamin K is inhibited, cattle can essentially bleed to death internally.

What is the best grass to feed cattle?

Alfalfa – It is probably the best high quality feed for livestock and as a cash crop but it requires deep, well drained soils and high fertility for high yields. While it can be used for grazing, it is best adapted for hay or silage.

Is there another name for sweet clover?

Melilotus, known as melilot, sweet clover, and kumoniga (from the Cumans), is a genus in the family Fabaceae (the same family that also includes the Trifolium clovers). Members are known as common grassland plants and as weeds of cultivated ground.

Is sweet clover bad for horses?

Horses, when they ingest too much sweet clover infected with slaframine, can develop the slobbers. Your horse can also develop photosensitivity, or excessive sunburn, which can lead to liver damage. Most people do think that sweet clover is toxic to horses, and in most cases it is not.

What is sweet clover good for?

Sweet clover is used to increase the loss of water from the body through the urine (as a diuretic). It is also used for varicose veins and to relieve symptoms of poor blood circulation (chronic venous insufficiency) including leg pain and heaviness, night cramps, itchiness, and fluid retention (edema).

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